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The Ecuador climate varies depending on where you are in the country. The regions have very different climates. The Andean region can vary considerably, while the coast and jungle could rarely be considered anything other than hot, or at least warm.
The Andean region of Ecuador has perhaps the most complex climate. There are two seasons, wet and dry. The dry season runs from June through September, and the wet season from October through May, usually with a mini dry season in December and January.
The best times to visit are during the dry periods. That said, during the wet season, it is very rare that it will rain all day. Most often, days start dry, bright and sunny, and by lunchtime or early afternoon the rain clouds roll in, and there will be intense tropical thunderstorms.
The climate in this region is often dubbed “Eternal Spring”. Although Ecuador is on the Equator, in this region, due to the altitudes, days are cooler than one might normally expect in tropical regions. In the mountainous regions, the Ecuador climate may reach 25 degrees Celsius during the day, and drop as low as around seven degrees at night.
It has often been said of the Andean region that you can experience four seasons in one day, especially higher up in the mountains, with the weather changing dramatically from bright sunshine one minute, to driving rain or hail the next.
In the coastal part of the country, Ecuador’s climate is mainly hot and sticky. In the northern part of the coast, the best weather is experienced from around August through to December. During this time, there is less rain. In the southern part of the coast, December through July sees the best weather. On the coast, the weather is much more humid than experienced in the mountainous region.
In Ecuador’s jungle, the climate is tropical year-round. The climate here is hot, and rains can be expected at any time. The heaviest of the jungle rains can be expected during those months that are considered to be dry in the Andean region. The most heavy of the tropical downpours in the jungle regions fall in June, July and August. While this period can be extremely wet, it still doesn’t always rain every day or all day. The rains that fall are warm, so the wetness is not unpleasant.
The Galapagos climate is a little different than on the mainland, and it is primarily driven by water currents. In general, the weather is warm during the day, and nights can be a little cool. The Galapagos has two main seasons, wet and dry. The dry season runs from June through November, when winds can be experienced. The wet season runs from December through May, and it is warmer during this time, but also rainy. In general, humidity is low in the Galapagos islands.